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Volvo Wheel Loader L120D


• Engine output SAE J1995:
gross 153 kW (208 hp)
ISO 9249, SAE J1349
net 148 kW (201 hp)
• Operating weight: 18,4–20,6 t
• Buckets: 3,0–9,5 m3
• Volvo high performancelow
emission engine
– with excellent low rpm
– meets all exhaust
emission regulations for offroad


• Volvo transmission with
– 2nd generation Automatic
Power Shift with mode
– optimizes performance
• Wet disc brakes
– fully sealed, oil-circulation
– outboard mounted
• Torque Parallel Linkage
– high breakout torque
throughout the working
– excellent parallel lift-arm

• Care Cab II
– pressurized cab with high
comfort and safety
• Contronic II monitoring
• Load-sensing steering system
• Pilot-operated working
Optional Equipment
• Hydraulic attachment
• Long Boom
• Boom Suspension System
• Comfort Drive Control



The Contronic II monitoring system provides information on scheduled service intervals and machine condition. Minimizes
  time required for troubleshooting. Service accessibility: Large, easy-to-open engine access doors with gas struts. Hinged radiator grille and radiator.

Fuel tank 255
Engine coolant 65
Hydraulic tank 145
Transmission 35
Engine oil 24
Axle front / rear 36/41


The Volvo engine offers high torque and quick response at low rpm. The machine operates efficiently at low engine speeds which contributes to good fuel economy, less noise,reduced wear and longer life. Engine: 6-cylinder, in-line, direct-injected, turbocharged, intercooled 4-stroke diesel engine with wet replaceable cylinder liners. Air cleaning: three-stage.


Engine Volvo TD 73 KDE
Max. power at 35 r/s (2 100 r/min)
SAE J1995 gross 153 kW (208 hp)
ISO 9249, SAE J1349 net. 148 kW (201 hp)
ISO 9249, SAE J1349 net. 151 kW (205 hp)*
Max. torque at 18,3 r/s (1 100 r/min)
SAE J1995 gross 925 Nm
ISO 9249, SAE J1349 net. 920 Nm
Displacement 6,7 l



Contronic II monitoring system with increased function control. Electrical system with circuit boards, well protected by fuses. The system is pre-wired for installation of optional equipment. Central warning system: Central warning light for the following functions, (buzzer with gear engaged): Engine oil pressure, transmission oil pressure, brake pressure, parking brake, axle oil temperature, steering system pressure, coolant temperature, transmission oil temperature, hydraulic oil temperature, overspeeding in engaged gear, brake charging, computer malfunction.


Voltage 24 V
Batteries 2x12 V
Battery capacity 2x140 Ah
Cold cranking capacity, ea 1050 A
Reserve capacity, ea 290 min
Alternator rating 1 680 W / 60 A
Starter-motor output 5,4 kW (7,3 hp)




The drivetrain and working hydraulics are well-matched and of reliable design. Quick acceleration increases productivity. Extensive Volvo component coordination facilitates service work. Torque converter: Single-stage Transmission: Volvo Power Shift transmission of countershaft type with single lever control. Fast and smooth forward / reverse shifting.
Shifting system: Volvo Automatic Power Shift (APS II) with mode selector. Axles: Volvo, fully floating axle shafts with planetary-type hub reductions. Cast-steel axle housing. Fixed front axle and oscillating rear axle. 100 % differential lock on front axle.

Transmission Volvo HT 205
Torque multiplication 2,85:1
Speeds, max forward/reverse  
1 7,3 km/h
2 13,3 km/h
3 25,2 km/h
4 35,5 km/h
Measured with tires 23.5 R25* L2
Front axle Volvo / AWB 31
Rear axle Volvo / AWB 30
Oscillation, rear axle ±13°
Ground clearance at
13° oscillation
460 mm




A simple and reliable brake system with few moving parts. Selfadjusting oil circulation cooled wet disc brakes give long service intervals. Brake wear indicator and brake test in Contronic II are included in the brake system. Service brakes: Volvo, dual-circuit system with nitrogencharged accumulators for dead engine braking. Fully hydraulically operated, enclosed internal oil circulation-cooled, outboard mounted disc brakes. Transmission declutch during braking can be preselected with a switch on the instrument panel. Brake performance test in the Contronic II system. Parking brake: Enclosed wet multi-disc brake built into the transmission. Spring-loaded application. Electro-hydraulic release via a switch on the instrument panel. Automatically applied when the key is turned off. Secondary brake: Either of the service brake circuits or the parking brake fullfills ISO/SAE safety requirements. Standards: The brake system complies with the requirements of ISO 3450, SAE J1473


Number of discs/wheel 1
Number of accumulators 3
Volume, each 1.0





The choice of bucket is determined by the density of the material and the bucket fill factor. The TP-linkage uses a very open bucket design, has very good roll back in all positions and fills the bucket very well. This means that the actual volume carried is often larger than the rated capacity of the bucket. Bucket fill factors for different materials and how they affect the actual bucket volume are shown in the table. Example: Sand and gravel. Fill factor ~105%. Density 1,65 ton/m3. Result: The 3,3 m3 bucket carries 3,5 m3. For optimum stability always consult the bucket selection chart.














Easily operated steering results in fast work cycles. The powerefficient system results in good fuel economy, good directional stability and a smooth ride. Steering system: Load-sensing hydrostatic articulated steering with power amplification. System supply: The steering system is supplied by a separate steering pump. Pump: Double variable-flow axial piston pump. Cylinders: Two double-acting cylinders.


Steering cylinders 2
Bore 80 mm
Piston rod diameter 50 mm
Stroke 476 mm
Relief pressure 21 MPa
Max. flow 91 l / min
Articulation ± 40 °




Care Cab II with wide door opening and easy entry. Inside of cab lined with noise-absorbent materials. Noise and vibration suppressing suspension. Good all-round visibility through large glass areas. Curved front windshield of greentinted glass. Ergonomically positioned controls and instruments permit a comfortable operating position. Instrumentation: All important information is centrally located in the operator's field of vision. Display for Contronic II monitoring system in center console on dashboard. Heater and defroster: Heater coil with filtered fresh air and fan with four speeds. Defroster vents for all windows. Operator's seat: Operator's seat with adjustable suspension and retractable seatbelt. The seat is mounted on a bracket on the rear cab wall. The forces from the retractable seatbelt are absorbed by the seat rails. Standards: The cab is tested and approved according to ROPS (ISO/CD 3471, SAE J1040), FOPS (ISO 3449, SAE J231). The cab meets with requirements according to ISO 6055 ("protective roof for high-lift vehicles") and SAE J386 ("Operator Restraint System").


Emergency exits 2
Sound level in cab  
According to ISO 6396 LpA 77 dB(A)
External sound level  
According to ISO 6395 LwA 109 dB(A)
External sound level  
Optional EU noise red. kit LwA 106 dB(A)
According to EU 2002/2006
Ventilation 9 m3/min
Heating capacity 11 kW
Air conditioning (optional equipment) 8 kW



Open center hydraulic system with efficient, high capacity vane pumps allows precision control and quick movements at low rpm. Pump: Vane pump fitted to a power take-off on the transmission. The pilot system is supplied from a combined pilot/brake pump which is mounted in series with the steering pump. Valve: Double-acting 3-spool valve. The control valve is actuated by a 3-spool pilot valve. Lift function: The valve has four functions: raise, hold, lower and float. Inductive/magnetic automatic boom kickout can be switched on and off and is adjustable to any position between maximum reach and full lift height. Tilt function: The valve has three functions: rollback, hold and dump. Inductive/magnetic automatic bucket positioner that can be switched on and off. Cylinders: Double-acting Filter:


Vane pump  
Relief pressure 22,5 MPa
Flow 275 l/min
at 10 MPa
and engine speed 35 r/s (2 100 r/min)
Pilot system  
Relief pressure 3,0 MPa
Cycle times  
Raise* 5,8 s
Dump* 1,7 s
Lower, empty 2,8 s
Total cycle time 10,3 s




TP Linkage combines high breakout torque throughout the working range with nearly exact parallel lift-arm action. These features, together with high lift height and long reach, makethe lift-arm system equally good for bucket loading and work with attachments.


Lift cylinder 2
Bore 160 mm
Piston rod diameter 80 mm
Stroke 676 mm
Tilt cylinder 1
Bore 230 mm
Piston rod diameter 110 mm
Stroke 412 mm




Air cleaner, dry type, dual element,
exhaust aspirated pre-cleaner
Water separator
Dual fuel filters
Crankcase ventilation oil trap
Coolant level, sight gauge
Engine intake manifold preheater
Muffler, spark arresting
Fan guard
Electrical system
Alternator, 24 V/60 A
Battery disconnect switch
Fuel gauge
Engine coolant temp. gauge
Transmission oil temp. gauge
Hour meter
Electric horn
Instrument panel with symbols
• Twin halogen front headlights with
high and low beams
• Parking lights
• Double brake and tail lights
• Turn signals with flashing hazard
light function
• Halogen working lights (2 front
and 2 rear)
• Instrument lighting

Contronic II monitoring system
Contronic II ECU
Contronic II display
Engine shutdown to idle function:
• High engine coolant temperature

• Low engine oil pressure
• High transmission oil temperature
Neutral start interlock
Brake performance test
Test function for warning and
indicator lights
Warning and indicator lights:
• Charging
• Oil pressure, engine
• Oil pressure, transmission
• Brake pressure
• Parking brake applied
• Axle oil temperature
• Primary steering
• Secondary steering
• High beams
• Turn signals
• Rotating beacon
• Preheating coil
• Differential lock
• Coolant temperature
• Transmission oil temperature
• Low fuel level
• Brake charging
Transmission: modulated with single
lever control, Automatic Power
Shift II, and operator controlled
Forward/reverse switch on hydraulic
lever console

• front 100 % hydraulic
differential lock
• rear, conventional
Tires 23.5 R-25* L2
Brake system
Wet, internal oil circulation cooled,
disc brakes, 4-wheel, dual circuit
Brake system, secondary
Parking brake alarm - brake applied
and machine in gear (buzzer)
ROPS (SAE J10400C) (ISO 3471),
FOPS (SAE J 231) (ISO 3449).
Acoustical lining
Cigarette lighter
Door lockable (left side access)
Heater/defroster/pressurizer with
four speed blower fan
Filtered air
Floor mat
Interior light
Interior rearview mirrors(2)
Exterior rearview mirrors(2)
Openable window, right-hand side
Safety glass, tinted
Adjustable hydraulic lever console
Seat, ergonomically designed,
adjustable suspension
Retractable seat belt (SAE J386)
Storage compartment
Sun visor
Beverage holder

Windshield wiper, front & rear
Windshield washer, front & rear
Intermittent wiper, front
Cab access steps and handrails
Speedometer ( in Contronic II display)
Hydraulic system
Main valve, 3-Spool, pilot operated
Pilot valve, 3-spool
Vane pump
Bucket lever detent
Bucket leveler, automatic with position
indicator, adjustable
Boom lever detent
Boom kickout, automatic, adjustable
Hydraulic control lever lock
Boom lowering system
Hydraulic pressure test ports, Quick
Hydraulic fluid level, sight gauge
Hydraulic oil cooler
External equipment
Isolation mounts: cab, engine, transmission
Lifting lugs
Side panels, engine hood
Steering frame lock
Vandalism lock, provison for:
batteries, engine oil, transmission
oil, hydraulic oil, fuel tank
Fenders, front & rear with anti-skidtape
Towing hitch with pin


OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT (May be standard in certain markets)


Service and maintenance
Tool box
Tool kit
Wheel nut wrench kit
Refill pump for automatic lubrication
Automatic lubrication system
Automatic lubrication system for
attachment bracket
Coolant filter
Extra fuel filter
Cold starting aid, engine
coolant preheater (220V/1500 W)
Pre-cleaner, oil bath type
Pre-cleaner, turbo type
Radiator, corrosion protected
Electrical system
Reverse alarm (SAE J994)
Attachment light
Working lights front, extra
Working lights rear, extra
Rotating beacon, amber with
collapsible mount
Alternator, brushless, 50A
Alternator 100A
Head lights assym. left
Light, license plate
Side marker lights
Parking brake alarm, audible buzzer
if brake not applied when operator
leaves seat

Speed limiter, 3-speed version
Limited-slip differential, rear
Limited-slip differential, front/rear
Installation kit for radio
Hand throttle
Sliding window, door
Sliding window, right side
Air suspended operator's seat
Heated operator's seat
Seat belt, 3 inch
Air conditioner 8 kW, 27 300 Btu/h
Air conditioner with corrosion
protected condensor
Spinner knob on steering wheel
Sun blinds, front and rear windows
Sun blinds, side windows
AM/FM radio with cassette deck
Lunch box holder
Dual service brake pedals
Armrest (left)
Cab filter for asbestos contaminated
Instructor seat
Noise reduction kit, cab
Steering wheel, adjustable tilt,

Hydraulic system
Hydraulic control, 3rd function
3rd function detent
Hydraulic control, 4th function
Hydraulic single acting lifting function
Boom Suspension System
Biodegradable hydraulic fluid
Pilot hoses, 3rd function and
separate attachment locking
Attachment bracket
Separate attachment locking system
Single lever hydraulic control
Single lever hydraulic control plus
3rd function
External equipment
Fenders, full coverage, swingout
Logging counterweight
Fenders, axle mounted
Other equipment
Comfort Drive Control (CDC)
Slow moving vehicle emblem
Secondary steering
50 km/h sign
Fuel fill strainer
Long boom
Noise reduction kit, acc. EU
stagell 2006

23.5 R25*
Protective equipment
Protective grids for front running
Radiator guard
Protective grids for rear working
Window guards for side and rear
Windshield guard
Protective grids for tail lights
Bellyguard, front
Bellyguard, rear
Heavy-duty main valve cover
Fork equipment
Material handling arms
Log grapples
Snow blades
Cutting edge, 3 pc reversible, bolt-on
Bucket teeth, bolt-on
Bucket teeth, weld-on
Wear segments, bolt on
Bale clamp
Drum rotator

Under our policy of continuous product improvement, we reserve the right to change specifications and design without prior notice. The illustrations do not necessarily show the standard version of the machine.

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