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Volvo Wheel Loader L180D



Engine output
SAE J1995: gross 209 kW
(284 hp)
ISO J9249, SAE J1349:
net 206 kW (280 hp)
• Operating weight: 26,0-29,0 t
• Buckets volume: 4,2–14,0 m3
• Volvo high performance low
emission engine
– with excellent low rpm
– performance
– meets all known exhaust
– emission regulations for off
– rood machines until 2002
– hydrostatically driven, cooling
– fan

• Volvo transmission with

– 2nd generation Automatic
– Power Shift with mode
– selector
– optimizes performance
• Wet disc brakes
– fully sealed oil-circulation
– cooled outboard mounted
• Torque Parallel Linkage
– high breakout torque throughout
the working range
– excellent parallel lift-arm


• Care Cab II – pressurized cab
with high comfort and safety
• Contronic II monitoring system
• Load-sensing steering system
• Pilot-operated working
Optional Equipment
• Boom Suspension
• Comfort Drive Control
• Long Boom
• Hydraulic attachment bracket




The Contronic II monitoring system provides information on schedules service intervals and machine condition. Minimizes time required for troubleshooting. Service accessibility: arge, easy-to-open engine access doors with gas struts. Hinged radiator grill and radiator.


Refill capacities  
Fuel tank 318
Engine coolant 80
Hydraulic tank 165
Transmission 38
Engine oil 34
Axle front/rear 55/54




Engine delivers high torque and quick response at low rpm even under full load. The machine can work at low engine speeds, which contributes to good fuel economy, less noise,less wear and longer life. Engine: High performance-low emission, 6-cylinder, in-line, direct-injected, turbocharged, intercooled 4-stroke diesel engine with wet replaceable cylinder liners. Air cleaning: three-stage. Cooling system: Hydrostatically driven fan with separate cooling for the intercooler circuit.


Engine Volvo TD 122 KHE
Max power at 35 r/s (2100 r/min)
SAE J1995 gross 209 kW (284 hp)
ISO 9249, SAE J1349 net 206 kW (280 hp)
Max. torque at 15,0 r/s (900 r/min)
SAE J1995 gross 1580 Nm
ISO 9249, SAE J1349 net 1580 Nm
Displacement 12,0




Contronic II monitoring system with increased function control. Electrical system with circuit boards, well protected by fuses. The system is pre-wired for installation of optional equipment. Central warning lamp for the following functions: Engine oil pressure, transmission oil pressure, transmission oil temperature, transmission oil filter, brake system pressure, steering pressure. Central warning lamp with buzzer for the following functions: engine coolant temperature, overspeeding of engine/transmission, axle temperature, parking brake (if applied when operating), low brake pressure (when gear is engaged).


Voltage 24 V
Batteries 2x12 V
Battery capacity 2x140 Ah
Cold cranking capacity, ea 1050 A
Reserve capacity, ea 290 min
Alternator rating 1680 W / 60 A
Starter-motor output 6,6 kW (9,0 hp)





Drivetrain and working hydraulics well-matched to each other. Dependable design. Quick acceleration boosts productivity. Volvo system-compatible design facilitates servicing. Torque converter: Single-stage. Transmission: Volvo Automatic Power Shift transmission of countershaft type with single-lever control. Fast and smooth forward/reverse shifting.Shifting system: Volvo Automatic Power Shift generation II with mode selector (APS II). Axles: Volvo, fully floating axle shafts with planetary-type hub reductions. Cast-steel axle housing. Fixed front axle and oscillating rear axle. 100% differential lock on front axle.


Transmission Volvo HT 220
Torque multiplication 2,27:1
Speeds, max forward/reverse  
1 6,5 km/h
2 12,1 km/h
3 24,0 km/h
4 35,1 km/h
Measured with tires 26.5 R25* L3
Front axle and rear axle Volvo / AWB 40
Oscillation, rear axle ±15 °
Ground clearance at  
15° oscillation 610 mm





A simple and reliable brake system with few moving parts. Self-adjusting oil circulation cooled wet disc brakes give long service intervals. Brake wear indicator and brake test inContronic II are included in the brake system. Service brakes: Volvo, dual-circuit system with nitrogencharged accumulators. Fully hydraulically operated enclosed internal oil circulation-cooled outboard mounted disc brakes. Transmission declutch during braking can be preselected by a switch on the instrument panel. Parking brake: Enclosed wet multi-disc brake built into the transmission. Spring applied, electro-hydraulic released via a switch on the instrument panel. Applies automatically when the key is turned off. Secondary brake: Dual-circuit system with rechargeable accumulators. One circuit or the parking brake fulfills the requirements. Standards: The brake system complies with the requirementsof ISO 3450, SAE J1473

















Low-effort steering gives short work cycle times. Powerefficient system provides good fuel economy, good directional stability and smooth ride. Steering system: Load-sensing hydrostatic articulated steering with power amplification. System supply: The steering system is supplied from a separate steering pump. Pump: Variable-flow axial piston pump.
Cylinders: Two double-acting cylinders.


Steering cylinder 2
Bore 100 mm
Piston rod diameter 50 mm
Stroke 425 mm
Relief pressure 21 MPa
Max. flow 116 l/min.
Articulation ± 37°





Care Cab II with wide door opening and comfortable instep. Inside of cab lined with noise-absorbent materials. Noise and vibration suppressing suspension. Good all-round visibility through large glass areas. Curved front windshield of greentinted glass. Ergonomically positioned controls and instruments permit a comfortable operating position.Instrumentation: All important information is centrally located in the operator's field of vision. Display for Contronic II monitoring system. Heater and defroster: Heater coil with filtered fresh air and fan with four speeds. Defroster vents for all window areas. Operator's seat: Operator's seat with adjustable suspension and retractable seatbelt. The seat is mounted on a bracket on the rear cab wall. The forces from the retractable seatbelt are absorbed by the seat rails. Meets ISO/DIS 7096–1997. Standard: The cab is tested and approved according to ROPS (ISO/CD 3471, SAE J1040), FOPS (3449, SAE J231), Overhead Guards (ISO 6055) and Operator Restraint System (SAE J386)


Emergency exits 2
Sound level in cab according to
ISO 6396, SAE J2105
LpA 77 dB (A)
With sound reduction kit LpA 74 dB (A)
External sound level according to
ISO 6395, SAE J2104
LwA 110 dB (A)
External sound level with sound
reduction kit
LwA 107 dB (A)
Ventilation 9 m3/min
Heating capacity 11 kW
Air conditioning (optional) 8 kW





Open center hydraulics with highly efficient vane pumps allows precision control and quick movements even at low rpm´s thanks to the high capacity pumps. Pump: A double vane pump mounted on a power take-off on the transmission. Pump 1works with all tilt and lift movements. Pump 2 works with tilt out and lift up to 20 MPa (2900 psi).A pilot-controlled selector valve cuts-in flow to the system. Valve: Double-acting 3-spool valve actuated by a 3-spool pilot valve. Lift function: The valve has four functions: raise, hold, lower and float. Inductive/magnetic automatic boom kickout can be switched on and off and is adjustable to any position between maximum reach and full lift height.  Tilt function: The valve has three functions: rollback, hold and dump. Inductive/magnetic automatic bucket positioner, that can be switched on and off. Cylinders: Double-actingFilter: Full-flow filtration through 20 mm (absolute) filter cartridge.


Vane pump
Relief pressure, pump 1
22,5 MPa
Flow 313 l/min
at 10 MPa
and engine speed 35 r/s (2100 r/min)
Relief pressure, pump 2 20 MPa
Flow 91,5 l/min
at 10 MPa
and engine speed 35 r/s (2100 r/min)
Pilot system
Relief pressure
3,0-4,5 MPa
Cycle times in sec.
Dump* 2,5
Lower, empty 3.5
Total cycle time 12.6

* with load as per ISO 5998 and SAE J818




TP Linkage combines high breakout torque throughout the working range with parallel lift-arm action. These features together with high lift height and long reach make the lift-arm system equally as good in bucket loading as in work with fork attachments and material handling arms.


Lift cylinder 2
Bore 190 mm
Piston rod diameter 90 mm
Stroke 788 mm
Tilt cylinder 1
Bore 260 mm
Piston rod diameter 120 mm
Stroke 480 mm




Air cleaner, dry type, dual element,
exhaust aspirated precleaner
Coolant level, sight gauge
Engine intake manifold preheater
Muffler, spark arresting
Dual fuel filter
Electrical System
24 V – prewired for optional
Alternator, 24 V / 60 A
Battery disconnect switch
Fuel gauge
Engine coolant temperature
Transmission oil temperature
Horn, electric
Instrument panel with symbols
• driving (2-Front), halogen with
high/low beam
• parking lights
• stop/tail combination (2 rear)
• turn signals with hazard
• warning switch
• working lights, halogen
(2 front, 2 rear)
• instrument lighting

Contronic II Monitoring
System, ECU
Contronic "display"
Shut down to idle function
• high engine coolant temp
• low engine oil pressure
• high transm. oil temp
Neutral start feature
Test function for warning &
monitoring lights
Warning & monitoring lights:
• engine oil pressure
• engine coolant temperature
• air cleaner restriction
• alternator malfunction
• working lights
• high beam driving lights
• direction indicator, hazard
Central warning:
• transmission oil pressure
• transmission oil temperature
• brake system pressure (buzzer)
• steering pressure
• axle oil temperature (buzzer)
• transmission oil filter
• overspeeding of engine/transmission
• engine oil pressure
• engine coolant temperature
• Parking brake applied and
transmission in forward or
reverse (buzzer)
• Brake test by contronic


Transmission: modulated with
single lever control, automatic
power shift, and operator
controlled declutch
Forward and reverse switch
front 100%, hydraulic
differential lock
rear, conventional
Tires 26.5 R25*
Brake System
Wet, internal oil circulation cooled
disc brakes, 4-wheel, dual circuit
Brake system, secondary
Parking brake alarm
ROPS (SAE J1040CC) (ISO 3471),
FOPS (SAE J 231) (ISO 3449)
Acoustical lining
Cigarette lighter
Door lockable (left side access)
Heater/defroster/pressurizer 11 kW
37500 Btu/h with four speed
blower fan
Filtered air
Floor mat
Interior light
Mirror rear view interior
Mirrors rear view (2), exterior
Openable window, right-hand side
Windshield washer, front & rear


Safety glass, tinted
Retractable seat belt (SAE J386)
Seat, heated, ergonomically
designed, suspension adjustable
Storage compartment
Sun visor
Windshield wiper, front & rear
Intermittent wiper, front
Cab access steps and handrails
Fenders, front & rear with antiskid-
Hydraulic System
Main valve, 3-spool
Pilot valve, 3-spool
Vane pump
Bucket lever detent
Bucket leveler, automatic with
position indicator, adjustable
Boom lever detents
Boom kickout, automatic, adjustable
Hydraulic control lever safety latch
Hydraulic oil cooler
Boom lowering
External Equipment
Isolation mounts: cab, engine,
Lifting lugs
Drawbar with pin
Side panels, engine hood
Steering frame lock
Vandalism lock, provison for:
batteries, engine oil



OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT (Standard on certain markets)



Service and maintenance
Tool box
Tool kit
Auto lube system
Refill pump
Wheel nut wrench kit
Coolant filter
Cold starting aid, engine
coolant preheater (220 V/1500 W)
Pre-cleaner, oil bath type
Radiator, corrosion protected
Electrical System
Reverse alarm (SAE J994)
Attachment lights (halogen)
Light registration plate
Working lights front, extra
Working lights rear, extra
Rotating beacon, amber with
collapsible mount
Head lights assym. left
Side marking lamp


Speed limiter, 3-speed version
Limited slip diff. rear and front axle
Installation kit for radio and
power outlet 12V
Hand throttle
Sliding ventilation window
Air conditioner
Dual service brake pedals
Instructor seat
Noise reduction kit, cab
Adjustable steering wheel
Hydraulic System
Hydraulic control, 3rd function
Hydraulic control, 4th function,
Boom Suspension System
Biodegradable hydraulic fluid
Hydraulic control 3rd, hydraulic
pilot hoses
Return line 3rd hydraulic control
Attachment bracket with separate
locking system
Arctic kit


External Equipment
Counterweight for logging: 1020 kg
Fenders, extended
Fenders, axle mounted
Other Equipment
Comfort Drive Control (CDC)
Secondary steering
Fuel fill strainer
External brake oil cooling system
Long Boom
Exterior sound reduction kit
Protective Equipment
Protective grids for front running
Protective grids for rear working
Window guards for side and rear
Windshield guard
Protective grids for rear lights
Bellyguard front and rear
Screen for suction fan
Protection plate under cab


26.5 R25*
800/65 R29
• straight edge
• spade nose
• general purpose
• lightmaterial
• high-dump
Bucket teeth, bolt-on/weld-on
Cutting edge, 3 pc reversible,
Bucket spillguard
Fork equipment
Material handling arm
Timber grapples
For further information see
attachment catalogue

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